More Advanced Gum Disease (Periodontitis)
Periodontitis, a more advanced stage of gingivitis, is severe inflammation of your gums, with symptoms that include red, bleeding, or swollen gums. Periodontitis is a bacterial infection that inflames the soft tissues around your teeth. When it’s not treated in a timely manner, it erodes the bone that supports your teeth; this erosion may eventually lead to tooth decay and even tooth loss.
According to the Cleveland Clinic, “Periodontitis affects more than 47% of adults over 30 in…That number jumps to around 70% for adults 65 years and over.” Even though periodontitis is uncommon in adults under the age of thirty, it can still affect anyone with poor hygiene and those who do not visit their Columbus Circle general dentist for twice-yearly dental exams and cleanings.
The symptoms of periodontitis are quite similar to gingivitis but are much more serious:
- Red or purple gums
- Swollen gums
- Bleeding gums
- Tender gums
- Bad breath
- Pus around your gum line
- Loose teeth.
- Teeth that have fallen out
- Gums pulling away from teeth (gum recession)
- Chewing pain
- Newly formed gaps/spaces between teeth
- Changes in your bite
Gum disease treatment may involve deep dental cleaning or, in very rare severe cases, surgery. Regular brushing and flossing can usually prevent periodontitis, but sometimes, other factors cause periodontitis that have nothing to do with oral hygiene practices. Your gum treatment dentist in NYC will know more after she performs a comprehensive examination.